Umbrella Company in Finland
Independent contracting in Finland isn’t always straightforward. You’ve got immigration issues, tax difficulties, and mountains of complex admin work. Even worse, missteps can cost you serious money, or even land you in legal trouble.
Before you consider taking a contract in Finland, you should be aware of what you’re getting into – and how you can make it simpler
Difficulties of Contracting in Finland
Generally, you need to have an employer sponsor in order to secure the appropriate work permit and work visa for Finland.
If you’re working independently, it can be difficult to find clients willing to sponsor you. Moreover, even if your client can do this, you’ll need a new sponsor each time you decide to take on a new contract. Of course, every new sponsor will mean more paperwork.
Also, are you familiar with the intricacies of the tax system in Finland, as well as your own country’s laws on overseas earnings? If so, good on you!
However, if you’re like the rest of us, figuring out (much less reducing) your tax liability in Finland and your home country can seem like full-time work in itself.
How Umbrella Companies Work
Most freelance workers aren’t superheroes who successfully tackle these issues all on their own. There are companies who specialise in helping workers make the most out of their contracts.
They’re called Umbrella Companies (or, contractor management companies).
Basically, an Umbrella Company acts as your full-time employer, even though you maintain your independence as a contractor. They collect and filter payments from your clients, filtering out the necessary social security and fees. You send them your timesheets, and they send you payments.
Because they act as your “employer,’ they can sponsor you and provide a single work permit for multiple contracts in Finland. Even better, most are experts in Finnish and expat tax law, meaning they’ll also help you optimise your earnings in Finland.
Although the Umbrella Company is technically your “employer,” you’re essentially freeing yourself to work even more independently. You still dictate your contracts, your hours, your schedule. The Umbrella Company simply filters out the time-consuming admin and immigration issues, allowing you to focus on your new contract.
Why Use an Umbrella Company in Finland
Most people want to do their work, earn their money and enjoy their spare time without taking on loads of admin in a new country. That is why an umbrella company can help.
When you’re working through an Umbrella Company, you’ll essentially be outsourcing the admin and tax issues to specialists.
While the umbrella company will charge a fee, you’ll likely end up saving more money in the long run: you’ll be able to focus on your work, expertly reduce your tax liability, and comply with all laws and regulations in Finland (which means avoiding fees, fines, or even worse penalties).
How We Can Help You
There’s a huge variety of Umbrella Companies with different specialities and advantages in Finland. How do you find the right one for your circumstances?
We work closely with Umbrella Companies all throughout Finland and match contractors with the right company for them. If you’ve already secured a contract in Finland, we can help you find your best match (for free). Or, we can simply give you feedback on your situation (for free).
A Contractor's Guide to Taxes in Finland
One of the most consistently challenging aspects of contracting in Finland is complying with the country’s tax system. As well as paying tax in Finland, you might also still be eligible to pay some tax in your home country, and understanding the legislation behind this can be a challenge.
How do I calculate my taxable income in Finland
If you’re working in Finland under a permanent contract, many employers will handle your tax under the PAYE (pay-as-you-earn) system. This means that they calculate and process your taxes in Finland for you and then send you a net wage. Your income tax, public health insurance, social security and other deductions will all be covered by this payment. This is the easiest way to handle your income tax in Finland, but contractors may not be offered this service because of their short stay with each employer.
Anybody who can’t pay their tax in Finland through PAYE is left with the prospect doing everything themselves.
Do you know much about Finnish Tax Law? Does Finland have a tax treaty with your home country? You will need to find out or find someone who can help! Income tax in Finland can range from 6.25 to 31.5 percent, and you need to be sure you are placed in the correct tax brackets.
Tax Filing in Finland
|When Do You Need to Lodge Your Tax Return?||Specified on pre-completed tax return (9 May or 16 May in 2017)|
|Tax Filing Deadline||Specified on pre-completed tax return (9 May or 16 May in 2017)|
|Can you file it online?||Yes, https://www.vero.fi/en/e-file/tax-return-on-the-web/|
How to File Taxes in Finland
You will receive your pre-completed tax return in March or April. If it is complete and accurate, you are not required to take any further action. If you do need to make changes, you can do so either online, or on paper.
The deadline for submitting corrections is printed on page 1 of your tax return.
Filing Taxes Online
You can make changes to your pre-completed tax return and file taxes online, via this link. The e-Service will guide you through the process, which generally involves 3 steps: (1) entering personal details, (2) entering details and information for taxation, and (3) submitting your tax return. You can access a Demo here .
Filing Taxes on Paper
You may choose to enter your corrections on your pre-completed tax return, and send them to the tax administration. A detailed guide on how to fill your Pre-Completed Tax Return (form 3001e) can be found here.
Use the prepaid envelope to mail your completed and corrected form(s).
If you correct/add something, or the tax administration receives new information from third parties, you will receive a new, revised Tax Assessment Decision, Notice and Bank forms by the end of October.
No new Decision and Notice of Assessment will be sent if the corrections have no impact on your actual tax liability.
Tax Figures in Finland
|Tax-free Threshold in Finland||None|
|Income Tax Rates|| |
The progressive tax rates above apply to resident taxpayers. Municipal, church and public broadcasting taxes do not apply to non-resident taxpayers.
Municipal Tax: Municipal tax is levied at a flat rate between 17 and 22.5%, depending on the municipality.
Church tax: Church tax is levied at a flat rate between 1 and 2.2%, on the communities of the Evangelical-Lutheran and Orthodox churches.
Yle vero (Public Broadcasting Tax): This tax was introduced on 1 January 2013, and the maximum annual amount is EUR143 per person.
Non-Residents: Non-residents are subject to a flat tax rate of 35% on employment income. A deduction of EUR510 per month or EUR17 per day applies if this is stated in the employee’s tax-at-source card.
Can a Non-Resident Be Taxed at Progressive Tax Rates?
Non-residents may choose to be taxed at progressive rates. If they choose to do so, the progressive tax rate that applies to them is determined by their worldwide income.
Tax Residency in Finland
When do you become a tax resident in Finland
You become a tax resident in Finland, when you:
- Have a permanent home or habitual abode in Finland; or
- Have stayed in the country for a period of more than 6 months (183 days).
Does the 183 day rule apply in Finland
Am I taxed on my global income in Finland
Residents are taxed on their worldwide income.
Non-residents are taxed on their Finland-sourced income.
Can you set up your own Limited Company in Finland
|How long does it take to set up||3 days|
|How much does it cost||EUR330 – EUR380|
|Is it easy?||Starting a Business Rank: 26/190 (Source: World Bank)|
Tax Calculator in Finland
If you are a contractor and want a calculation on your tax and net retention in Finland, we can supply it to you free of charge.
Using an Umbrella Company for Income Tax in Finland
Contractors in Finland are faced with masses of paperwork and numerous wasted hours filing a tax return unless they find an alternative option. A Finnish umbrella company can act as your employer during your stay in the country whilst still allowing you the freedom of a contractor. The only difference is that you submit your timesheets to them; they’ll calculate and pay your taxes as you earn, and then you receive a net wage (as well as documentation for your records).
The companies are experts in Finnish taxation, and they’ll ensure that you keep the largest proportion of your earnings whilst complying with local laws. They can deal with any issues with the Finnish tax office or tax department directly including processing your tax refund if you are eligible.
How We Can Help You with Tax in Finland
We work with numerous umbrella companies in Finland, many of whom are experts in tax and immigration laws. If you have any questions about tax in Finland, we’ll get the answers from them directly so you can rest assured you’ll be getting accurate information. We have comprehensive knowledge of the different services they provide, and can help you find the right company to handle your income tax. We help oil and gas workers, software developers, IT project managers, testers, business analysts and telecommunications contractors get tax efficient payments and sponsorship for their Finnish work permit.
Our advice is 100 percent free, and comes with no obligations. You will be paying taxes in Finland but without the overhead of directly dealing with the Finnish tax authorities. Get in touch with us today for some reliable advice on tax in Finland!
A Contractor's Guide to Work Permits in Finland
Immigration is one of the primary concerns for any contractor hoping to start working in Finland. Permanent employees will find it easy to get their Finnish work permit because they’ll receive “sponsorship” for their entire stay from their prospective employer.
The Finnish work permit, known more commonly as the resident permit card, is dependent on this sponsorship because it confirms that you’ll be earning money during your stay in the country. Contracting in Finland is more difficult because the work permit is tied to one employer, so you have to change it to suit each new contract. Thankfully, umbrella companies provide a convenient and effective solution to this issue.
How Can Umbrella Companies Help You Get a Work Permit in Finland ?
As your permanent employer, umbrella companies are able to sponsor you for your Finnish work permit provided they’re on the register of approved sponsors. Many different companies offer this service, because it makes contracting in Finland infinitely simpler and saves you the hassle of continuous paperwork. Instead of changing your work permit every time you get a new contract, you can just work how you ordinarily would under the same permit. They protect you from the bureaucratic “rain” of legal compliance with the Finnish immigration authorities. They can even deal with the Finnish Embassy directly.
Through their service you may be able to use a business visa to get started quickly and then transition to a work visa in Finland. It depends on your specific visa requirements. Be aware you may have to register for a residence permit in Finland.