General Information

Capital : New Delhi

Time Zone : GMT +5.5

Currency : Indian Rupee (INR)

Total Area : 3,287,590 sq km

Population : 1,147,995,904 (July 2008 est)
Median Age : 25.1 years
Population Growth Rate : 1.578%
Net Migration Rate : -0.05/1000
Life Expectancy at birth : 69.25 years

Ethnic groups : Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
Religions : Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)

Literacy : total population: 61% (age 15 and over can read and write)

GDP : $1.099 trillion
GDP per capita : $2700
Population below poverty line : 25% (2002 est)

Export partners: US 15.1%, UAE 8.8%, China 8.4%, UK 4.3%, hong Kong 4.2%
Import partners: China 10.5%, US 7.8%, Germany 4.5%, Singapore 4.5%, Australia 4.2%, UK 4.1%

From the CIA Factbook
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/in.html

and Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_India